If you are diagnosed with a brain tumor, that doesn’t mean you are going to die immediately. As there are a variety of brain tumors and not all of them are malignant (cancerous). But it is a serious health condition, immediate consultation with the best neurosurgeon is required for the treatment.
A brain tumor is a mass or abnormal growth in your brain. Some brain tumors are benign in nature and some are malignant. Another classification is according to their primary site that where they are developed first. If the brain tumor begins in your brain, it is known as primary brain tumor. And when cancer starts in other parts of the body and spreads to brain, it is known as secondary or metastatic brain tumors.
Let’s have an overview of brain tumors and its types;
Symptoms of brain tumors:
Brain tumors have limited space for growth due to the skull. That’s why the growing tumor put pressure on the vital parts of the brain and shows serious symptoms.
- Loss of balance
- Difficulty in speech
- Seizures or convulsions
- Loss of sensation
- Lack of concentration
- Neck pain and stiffness
- Frequent headache with different patterns
- Headache that become more severe with time
- nausea and vomiting
- Hearing loss
- Vision problems like blurred vision
How Is Brain Tumor Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of a brain tumor is done by different diagnostic procedures like; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), tests like an angiogram, spinal tap and biopsy, a neurologic exam (by a neurologist or neurosurgeon), and CT (computer tomography scan).
These tests help in treatment of the brain tumor according to its type and position.
Treatment of brain tumor:
It depends on the size of tumor, patient’s age and health condition, type of tumor and most importantly location of tumor.
Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy (sometimes combination of these therapies according to the condition of patient). Supportive therapy is also provided during the treatment, again according to patient’s condition.
Benign vs Malignant brain tumors:
Benign tumors can be removed by surgery and they rarely grow again. Their spread in other parts of the body is also not possible. Cells from benign tumors rarely invades neighboring tissues. Benign tumors of brain are sometimes life threatening unlike benign tumors of other body parts.
Malignant tumors of brain can invade to other tissues. They are more dangerous and life threatening. They can regrow after removal by the surgery or any other treatment.
Although there is no hard and fast rule to prevent cancer and other tumors. But you can adopt healthy lifestyle like having a good diet, balanced sleep-wake cycle, stress-free life, etc to prevent brain tumors. Radiations and carcinogenic chemicals are also associated with brain tumors, so it is advisable to avoid them as much as you can to have a healthy life.
It is not advisable to ignore above mentioned symptoms, if you are experiencing them quite often. Neurosurgeons are the health specialists who can help you in diagnosing such drastic health condition. You can consult the best neurosurgeons in Karachi through Marham for further information.