APIs are becoming more and more important in mobile and web app testing. As technology develops, so will our dependance on them. These days, APIs(Application Programming Interfaces) are used for multiple functions within the applications we develop. It is vital that we consider API testing when incorporating them into the app testing lifecycle. When we stop to think about it, APIs are just as important as any other component of the application under test. APIs also need to undergo a thorough evaluation based on several quality aspects. Not only should functional requirements be strictly adhered to, but non-functional needs must also be closely considered.
In this blog, we will explore the ins and outs of API mobile and web app testing using the best strategies.
What is an Application Programming Interface (API)?
Fundamentally, an API is a collection of guidelines and procedures that enables smooth application communication. APIs make it easy for systems to communicate and share functionality with each other. APIs specify the techniques, data formats, and authentication procedures necessary for communication. DevOps, QA, and development teams employ this automated function for continuous updates and testing procedures.
Usually, API tests are completed as soon as the unit testing stage is complete. In order to offer data to a broader business logic than merely API operations, it is also carried out with GUI testing.
Why is API Testing Important?
APIs have to undergo different types of queries. Some of the queries are unforeseen, while others are anticipated. Therefore, API testing is crucial for ensuring the proper functioning of the APIs. This again makes reliability, performance, and security testing more convenient. It helps to detect issues at different stages like database, unit, server testing etc.
There are several ways by which API web app testing proves to be important. It ensures data security, compliance, and API performance across numerous platforms and tracks errors during the application development lifecycle. It verifies the correct implementation of business logic & rules at the API level. Secondly, API testing automates API calls, thereby reducing overall testing costs and helping one create an automation suite for API testing.
In addition, as API testing is faster than functional testing it ensures that functionality is consistent across platforms. Moreover, API testing explores the vulnerabilities that may arise by simulating phishing attempts with specific configurations and analyzing how APIs respond during such attacks. Lastly, by looking at the response times during API Testing, we can determine the program’s overall performance.
Web API Testing vs Mobile API Testing
Testing of mobile APIs refers to testing the app responses to various functions, while web API testing involves testing the backend of a web application. Web API testing incorporates more components, such as databases and servers, as compared to mobile API testing, it is more complex and complicated. First, when mobile developers are sure that they fully understand the process flow of the data inside their system, they can start with web API testing and advance to mobile API testing.
API Testing Best Practices
- Create test cases for the highest number of potential input possibilities in the API.
- Create categories for test cases of the API Test.
- Start each test with the API declarations.
- Make the requests to API functions easier for testers by prioritizing them.
- The test case in focus should be related to the parameter option.
- Each test case should be independent and complete in itself.
- Omit the procedure of test chaining from your development lifecycle.
- The sequence and operation of API requests must be carefully planned.
- Give particular attention to the way one-time call facilities such as Delete and Close Window are managed.
- Bring in the API procedures and make sure all concerned parties participate in the creation of requirements.
API Test Automation Strategies for Optimizing Quality
Implement End-to-End Tests
End-to-end testing essentially involves the simulation of user experiences and related API calls across your release candidate. This helps to ensure that all features have been tested and are working before going live.
Utilize Automation Tools
Manually testing the API endpoints could be time consuming. Automation can make the process of testing APIs faster and ensure that testing is carried out on a large scale.
Monitor Your API Performance
Automated monitoring can help to find and detect performance bottlenecks and regressions. Several tools will allow you to track API performance at a request and response level. You can have alarms ring whenever there is a significant performance fluctuation so you can respond immediately.
Leverage Post-Deployment Testing
This allows you to detect any implementation flaws or new features introduced in an API and understand how it is actually used. It should initially be done manually, but once the platform develops, it may become automated.
Utilize Endpoint Coverage Analysis
By doing this, you can make sure that all possible states and situations are tested and that the whole endpoint is covered in your API tests.
API Testing Approach
There are several techniques for API mobile app testing, and the following points highlight some of the most common testing methods:
- Functional testing: It needs to be tested functionally to ensure the API meets the requirements.
- Security testing: This means testing the security of the API to ensure that it is immune from security breaches.
- Load testing: This involves testing the API to ensure it can handle the predicted traffic volume.
- Integration testing: Integration testing is the fourth step, as it checks how well the API interfaces with other program elements.
To ensure the quality and reliability of the application, a comprehensive API web and mobile app testing strategy must include all these testing methodologies.
To sum up, API testing is the most crucial aspect of mobile and web app development. It guarantees that APIs function as intended and get along with other systems. Understanding the fundamentals of API testing is essential if you’re new to the game. After reading this comprehensive guide, you should be well-equipped to begin testing your APIs. But note that API testing is a continuous process and that you must maintain it to keep your APIs in optimal condition. It’s not a one-time event. Continue researching, experimenting, and refining those APIs for a better outcome!