Having electricity in our houses is a great blessing. To be able to access an outlet whenever we need to recharge our devices how to make coffee we need proper electric wiring systems in the house. Electricity is supplied to our homes by using five different wiring systems. The homeowner should consult proper guidance notes to decide which type of wiring is suitable for them.
5 Electrical Wiring Systems for Houses
Casing and Capping Wiring System
This type of wiring system is obsolete today. It uses VIR, PVC, or some other kind of insulated cable. Nowadays people prefer sheathed or conduit wiring systems over casing and capping wiring systems for their homes.
Cleat Wiring System
PVC wires and ordinary VIRs are compounded by braiding together fixing on the ceilings and walls using porcelain cleats with plastic, grooves, or wood. This wiring system is temporary which makes it unsuitable for heavy-duty domestic use.
Batten Wiring System
Batten wiring is when one or more wires are laid over a wooden batten. The batten holds the wires using a brass clip. All wires running horizontally and vertically are given 10cm and 15cm space respectively.
Lead Sheathed Wiring System
In lead sheathed wiring, conductors insulated with VIR are used. These conductors are covered with an external sheath of lead and aluminium alloy to protect cables from atmospheric corrosion, moisture, mechanical damage.
Conduit Wiring System
Conduit wiring is the most common type of wiring used in homes these days and it has two types.
Surface Conduit Wiring
Surface wiring is when GI or PVC conduits installations are visible on the ceiling and walls. They are attached using a 2-hole strap with a base clip and all electric wires lay inside the conduit.
Concealed Conduit Wiring
When the conduits for wiring are hidden in the chiseled brick walls or the wall slots, it is known as concealed conduit wiring where no wires are visible on the roof or wall at all.
It would be helpful to refer to an electric guide to decide which type of conduit wiring is suitable for you. As conduit wiring is the safest option for electrical wiring, most homeowners choose to go with it.
Pros and Cons of Concealed Conduit Wiring
- It is safe to use this wiring system at home
- There is no risk of accidental electric shocks
- It is safe from damages such as humidity and chemical effects
- It is a very reliable option for long term usage
- These wires don’t risk fire or insulation damages
- It is very easy to replace old wires in renovation
- Concealed conduit wiring is expensive than surface wiring
- All power outlets are in fixed spots and cannot be moved
- The installation is quite a complex process
- If there happens to be a defect in the wiring, it can be pretty hard to detect.
- Expanding your wiring system in the future can become tedious
Poorly installed or ill-maintained wiring runs the risk of short circuits or fires. It would be prudent to consult an electric guide or some reliable guidance notes regarding all matters of electrical wiring in your home.