5 Pros & Cons Of Memorandum Of Association

Every entrepreneur looks forward to the first step in starting a company, which is establishing a legal identity by registering it. Before any business becomes a legal company, it needs to have papers that spell out the organization’s dos and don’ts. Memorandum of Association (MOA) is one of those papers that outlines a firm’s operation and external management scope. One of the most critical procedures in forming a Private Limited Company is the preparation of this document.


The MOA comprises all of the primary data about the firm, its location, and the established scope of business operations and goals. The MOA contains the area of responsibility, the firm’s legal protections, and any other information required to register. It’s also known as the Charter of the company. And it’s necessary to be submitted as a component of the Registration Compliance process.


Do you plan to register your company but wonder whether you need a Memorandum of Association or not? If you are involved in any profit activity, such concerns are an essential aspect to consider. Read on to find out more about MOA, along with its usage and benefits.

What are the advantages of the Memorandum Of Association?

The Memorandum of Association governs the whole firm. It clearly outlines the company’s operations and obligations. Outside of the bounds of the MOA clauses, the company is unable to take any action. This document comes with the following certain advantages:

1.    It defines the purpose of the business.

The main aim of any firm must be precise if it wants to succeed. The business owner may ask, is memorandum of association important? The answer is quite clear. If the proprietor wants the business to grow, the MOA comes as an essential document to consider. The MOA defines the company’s objective regarding its working and policies. There are many clauses in the document which help the business determine these goals.

The purpose clause of the MOA asks you to outline the primary goals for forming the firm, taking into account the criteria for stock ownership and financial resources. It can also help you identify the long-term goal and short-term objectives needed to achieve that goal. Besides that, the MOA enables you to include auxiliary plans necessary to attain the main objectives. Any clauses or pronouncements that violate laws or the public welfare should be removed from the goals. Thus, helping your firm steer clear of legal complications.

2.    It gives your firm a legal status.

If any business wants to succeed globally, it needs to have a proper legal status. Legal status means that your firm becomes a separate entity of its own and gets its rights. A company is accountable for its debts as a distinct legal entity. It implies that a firm’s creditors may usually only seek compensation from the corporation’s assets, not from the individual securities of its owners, directors, and officials. In practice, it means that company owners may perform their operations without putting their houses, cars, funds, or other personal belongings on the line of danger.

3.    MOA helps to gain the confidence of investors:

After incorporating MOA, it is often more straightforward for businesses to get funds. It might make it simpler for your company to expand and prosper. Another incentive to incorporate MOA is if you’re looking for bank financing. Banks prefer to lend money to corporations over unincorporated businesses in most circumstances. Corporations, on the whole, have better access to alternate sources of cash to pay down their obligations.

The advantages of forming a corporation extend beyond financial considerations. Corporations are frequently seen as more stable than unorganized firms by suppliers, consumers, and business colleagues. In some ways, adding “Inc.” or “Corp.” to the end of your business name shows permanence, trustworthiness, and stability. It also presents your dedication to the long-term success of your company.

Pros & Cons Of Memorandum Of Association

What are the limitations to the Memorandum of Association?

While there are numerous benefits of MOA, some of them also turn into significant disadvantages in the long run. The negative aspects of MOA are:

1.    Incorporating MOA is a complex process:

A company’s incorporation and creation of MOA is a lengthy and complicated legal process that takes a lot of time and finances. These complex protocols have been put in place to deter people who aren’t concerned or enthusiastic about doing business. Any amendments to the memorandum of incorporation must be approved by a 75 percent majority of the corporate body at a general assembly via a voting procedure.

Even after the company is formed, it must be run and controlled with extreme caution. It should be in full compliance with the legal requirements of the country’s constitution in which the business is operating.

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2.    It separates the ‘control’ from ownership:

Members of a company’s limited stakeholder group have little meaningful influence over the company’s activities and choices. This occurs because the company’s workforce is so huge that one person or even a limited group of shareholders cannot significantly impact the organization’s operations.

In conclusion

The Memorandum of Association is a legal document that allows a business to have the necessary flexibility for its continued existence and development. It is required before the firm may make any significant changes to its “form or structure.” As a result of the analysis above, it is evident that any action taken by the firm must stay within the bounds established by the Memorandum of Association. Consider all your country’s legal aspects and boundaries before you get your business legally certified through MOA.

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